SIMBAD references

2010MNRAS.403.1433F - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 403, 1433-1447 (2010/April-2)

Mid-infrared diagnostics of metal-rich HII regions from VLT and Spitzer spectroscopy of young massive stars in W31.

FURNESS J.P., CROWTHER P.A., MORRIS P.W., BARBOSA C.L., BLUM R.D., CONTI P.S. and VAN DYK S.D.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present near-infrared Very Large Telescope/Infrared Spectrograph and Array Camera and mid-infrared (mid-IR) Spitzer/Infrared Spectrograph spectroscopy of the young massive cluster in the W31 star-forming region. H-band spectroscopy provides refined classifications for four cluster member O stars with respect to Blum et al. In addition, photospheric features are detected in the massive young stellar object (massive YSO) {num}26. Spectroscopy permits estimates of stellar temperatures and masses, from which a cluster age of ∼0.6 Myr and distance of 3.3kpc are obtained, in excellent agreement with Blum et al. IRS spectroscopy reveals mid-IR fine structure line fluxes of [Neii-iii] and [Siii-iv] for four O stars and five massive YSOs. In common with previous studies, stellar temperatures of individual stars are severely underestimated from the observed ratios of fine-structure lines, despite the use of contemporary stellar atmosphere and photoionization models. We construct empirical temperature calibrations based upon the W31 cluster stars of known spectral type, supplemented by two inner Milky Way ultracompact (UC) Hii regions whose ionizing star properties are established. Calibrations involving [Neiii] 15.5 µm/[Neii] 12.8 µm, [Siv] 10.5 µm/[Neii] 12.8 µm or [Ariii] 9.0 µm/[Neii] 12.8 µm have application in deducing the spectral types of early to mid O stars for other inner Milky Way compact and UC Hii regions. Finally, evolutionary phases and time-scales for the massive stellar content in W31 are discussed, due to the presence of numerous young massive stars at different formation phases in a `coeval' cluster.

Abstract Copyright: © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 RAS

Journal keyword(s): stars: early-type - stars: fundamental parameters - Hii regions - open clusters and associations: individual: W31 (G10.2-0.3) - infrared: ISM

Simbad objects: 39

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2019.10.22-12:21:53

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