Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 407, 83-93 (2010/September-1)
The X-ray brightest clusters of galaxies from the massive cluster survey.
EBELING H., EDGE A.C., MANTZ A., BARRETT E., HENRY J.P., MA C.J. and VAN SPEYBROECK L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a statistically complete sample of very X-ray luminous galaxy clusters detected in the MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS). This second MACS release comprises all 34 MACS clusters with nominal X-ray fluxes in excess of 2x10–12erg/s/cm2 (0.1-2.4 keV) in the ROSAT Bright Source Catalogue; two-thirds of them are new discoveries. Extending over the redshift range from 0.3 to 0.5, this subset complements the complete sample of the 12 most distant MACS clusters (z > 0.5) published in 2007 and further exemplifies the efficacy of X-ray selection for the compilation of samples of intrinsically massive galaxy clusters. Extensive follow-up observations with Chandra/ACIS led to three additional MACS cluster candidates being eliminated as (predominantly) X-ray point sources. For another four clusters - which, however, remain in our sample of 34 - the point-source contamination was found to be about 50 per cent. The median X-ray luminosity of 1.3x1045erg/s (0.1-2.4 keV, Chandra, within r500) of the clusters in this subsample demonstrates the power of the MACS strategy to find the most extreme and rarest clusters out to significant redshift. A comparison of the optical and X-ray data for all clusters in this release finds a wide range of morphologies with no obvious bias in favour of either relaxed or merging systems.