KP Cyg: an unusual metal-rich RR Lyr type star of long period.
ANDRIEVSKY S.M., KOVTYUKH V.V., WALLERSTEIN G., KOROTIN S.A. and HUANG W.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of a detailed spectroscopic study of the long-period (days) RR Lyrae star, KP Cyg. We derived abundances of many chemical elements including the light species, iron-group elements and elements of the -processes. Most RR Lyrae stars with periods longer than 0.7 days are metal-deficient objects. Surprisingly, our results show that KP Cyg is very metal rich By comparison with a number of short-period (days), metal-rich CWB stars, we suggest that KP Cyg may be a very short-period CWB star (BL Her star) rather than an RR Lyrae star. As seen in some CWB stars, KP Cyg shows strong excesses of carbon and nitrogen in its atmosphere. This indicates that the surface of KP Cyg has been polluted by material that has undergone helium burning (to enhance carbon) and proton capture (to transform carbon into nitrogen). We also note that UY CrB, whose period is 0.929 days, also shows an enhancement of C and N, and that two carbon Cepheids of short period, V553 Cen and RT TrA, show similar excesses of carbon and nitrogen.