SIMBAD references

2011A&A...529A..76R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 529A, 76-76 (2011/5-1)

Hot HCN around young massive stars at 0.1'' resolution.


Abstract (from CDS):

Massive stars form deeply embedded in dense molecular gas, which they stir and heat up and ionize. During an early phase, the ionization is confined to hypercompact HII regions, and the stellar radiation is entirely absorbed by dust, giving rise to a hot molecular core. To investigate the innermost structure of such high-mass star-forming regions, we observed vibrationally excited HCN (via the direct l-type transition of v2=1, ΔJ=0, J=13, which lies 1400K above ground) toward the massive hot molecular cores G10.47+0.03, SgrB2-N, and SgrB2-M with the Very Large Array (VLA) at 7mm, reaching a resolution of about 1000AU (0.1''). We detect the line both in emission and in absorption against HII regions. The latter allows to derive lower limits on the column densities of hot HCN, which are several times 1019cm–2. We see indication of expansion motions in G10.47+0.03 and detect velocity components in SgrB2-M at 50, 60, and 70km/s relative to the Local Standard of Rest. The emission originates in regions of less than 0.1pc diameter around the hypercompact HII regions G10.47+0.03 B1 and SgrB2-N K2, and reaches brightness temperatures of more than 200K. Using the three-dimensional radiative transfer code RADMC-3D, we model the sources as dense dust cores heated by stars in the HII regions, and derive masses of hot (>300K) molecular gas of more than 100 solar masses (for an HCN fractional abundance of 10–5), challenging current simulations of massive star formation. Heating only by the stars in the HII regions is sufficient to produce such large quantities of hot molecular gas, provided that dust is optically thick to its own radiation, leading to high temperatures through diffusion of radiation.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: molecules - ISM: structure - ISM: clouds - stars: formation

Simbad objects: 34

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