Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 530, L9-9 (2011/6-1)
Submillimeter continuum observations of Sagittarius B2 at subarcsecond spatial resolution.
QIN S.-L., SCHILKE P., ROLFFS R., COMITO C., LIS D.C. and ZHANG Q.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the first high spatial resolution submillimeter continuum observations of the Sagittarius B2 cloud complex using the Submillimeter Array (SMA). With the subarcsecond resolution provided by the SMA, the two massive star-forming clumps Sgr B2(N) and Sgr B2(M) are resolved into multiple compact sources. In total, twelve submillimeter cores are identified in the Sgr B2(M) region, while only two components are observed in the Sgr B2(N) clump. The gas mass and column density are estimated from the dust continuum emission. We find that most of the cores have gas masses in excess of 100M☉ and column densities above 1025cm–2. The very fragmented appearance of Sgr B2(M), in contrast to the monolithic structure of Sgr B2 (N), suggests that the former is more evolved. The density profile of the Sgr B2(N)-SMA1 core is well fitted by a Plummer density distribution. This would lead one to believe that in the evolutionary sequence of the Sgr B2 cloud complex, a massive star forms first in an homogeneous core, and the rest of the cluster forms subsequently in the then fragmenting structure.
ISM: clouds - radio continuum: ISM - ISM: individual objects: Sgr B2 - stars: formation
Fig. 1, Table 1: [QSR2011] Sgr B2(N)-SMAN (Nos SMA1-SMA2), [QSR2011] Sgr B2(M)-SMANN (Nos SMA1-SMA12).
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