SIMBAD references

2011AJ....141...61C - Astron. J., 141, 61 (2011/February-0)

Star clusters in M31. II. Old cluster metallicities and ages from hectospec data.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present new high signal-to-noise spectroscopic data on the M31 globular cluster (GC) system, obtained with the Hectospec multifiber spectrograph on the 6.5 m MMT. More than 300 clusters have been observed at a resolution of 5 Å and with a median S/N of 75 per Å, providing velocities with a median uncertainty of 6 km/s. The primary focus of this paper is the determination of mean cluster metallicities, ages, and reddenings. Metallicities were estimated using a calibration of Lick indices with [Fe/H] provided by Galactic GCs. These match well the metallicities of 24 M31 clusters determined from Hubble Space Telescope color-magnitude diagrams, the differences having an rms of 0.2 dex. The metallicity distribution is not generally bimodal, in strong distinction with the bimodal Galactic globular distribution. Rather, the M31 distribution shows a broad peak, centered at [Fe/H] = -1, possibly with minor peaks at [Fe/H] = -1.4, -0.7, and -0.2, suggesting that the cluster systems of M31 and the Milky Way had different formation histories. Ages for clusters with [Fe/H] > - 1 were determined using the automatic stellar population analysis program EZ_Ages. We find no evidence for massive clusters in M31 with intermediate ages, those between 2 and 6 Gyr. Moreover, we find that the mean ages of the old GCs are remarkably constant over about a decade in metallicity (-0.95 ≲ [Fe/H] ≲ 0.0).

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): catalogs - galaxies: individual: M31 - galaxies: star clusters: general - globular clusters: general

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/AJ/141/61): table1.dat table2.dat>

Simbad objects: 368

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