Study of four young TeV pulsar wind nebulae with a spectral evolution model.
TANAKA S.J. and TAKAHARA F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study four young pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) detected in TeV γ-rays, G21.5-0.9, G54.1+0.3, Kes 75, and G0.9+0.1, using the spectral evolution model developed and applied to the Crab Nebula in our previous work. We model the evolution of the magnetic field and the particle distribution function inside a uniformly expanding PWN considering a time-dependent injection from the pulsar and radiative and adiabatic losses. Considering uncertainties in the interstellar radiation field (ISRF) and their distance, we study two cases for each PWN. Because TeV PWNe have a large TeV γ-ray to X-ray flux ratio, the magnetic energy of the PWNe accounts for only a small fraction of the total energy injected (typically a fewx10–3). The γ-ray emission is dominated by inverse Compton scattering off the infrared photons of the ISRF. A broken power-law distribution function for the injected particles reproduces the observed spectrum well, except for G0.9+0.1. For G0.9+0.1, we do not need a low-energy counterpart because adiabatic losses alone are enough to reproduce the radio observations. High-energy power-law indices at injection are similar (2.5-2.6), while low-energy power-law indices range from 1.0 to 1.6. The lower limit of the particle injection rate indicates that the pair multiplicity is larger than 104. The corresponding upper limit of the bulk Lorentz factor of the pulsar winds is close to the break energy of the broken power-law injection, except for Kes 75. The initial rotational energy and the magnetic energy of the pulsars seem anticorrelated, although the statistics are poor.
ISM: individual (G21.5-0.9, G54.1+0.3, Kes 75, G0.9+0.1) - pulsars: general - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal