SIMBAD references

2011ApJ...743...73K - Astrophys. J., 743, 73 (2011/December-2)

The astrophysical implications of dust formation during the eruptions of hot, massive stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

Dust formation in the winds of hot stars is inextricably linked to the classic eruptive state of luminous blue variables because it requires very high mass-loss rates, {dot}M \gtrsim 10–2.5M{usn}/year, for grains to grow and for the non-dust optical depth of the wind to shield the dust formation region from the true stellar photosphere. Thus, dusty shells around hot stars trace the history of "great" eruptions, and the statistics of such shells in the Galaxy indicate that these eruptions are likely the dominant mass-loss mechanism for evolved, MZAMS ≳ 40 Mstars. Dust formation at such high {dot}M also explains why very large grains (amax ≳ 1 µm) are frequently found in these shells, since amax ∝{dot}M. The statistics of these shells (numbers, ages, masses, and grain properties such as amax) provide an archaeological record of this mass-loss process. In particular, the velocities vshell, transient durations (where known), and ejected masses Mshell of the Galactic shells and the supernova (SN) "impostors" proposed as their extragalactic counterparts are very different. While much of the difference is a selection effect created by shell lifetimes ∝(vshellsqrt(Mshell))–1, more complete Galactic and extragalactic surveys are needed to demonstrate that the two phenomena share a common origin given that their observed properties are essentially disjoint. If even small fractions (1%) of SNe show interactions with such dense shells of ejecta, as is currently believed, then the driving mechanism of the eruptions must be associated with the very final phases of stellar evolution, suggestive of some underlying nuclear burning instability.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - stars: evolution - stars: massive - stars: mass-loss - stars: winds, outflows - supernovae: general

Simbad objects: 33

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