Astrophys. J., 743, 166 (2011/December-3)
The structure of the star-forming cluster RCW 38.
WINSTON E., WOLK S.J., BOURKE T.L., MEGEATH S.T., GUTERMUTH R. and SPITZBART B.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a study of the structure of the high-mass star-forming region RCW 38 and the spatial distribution of its young stellar population. Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) photometry (3-8 µm) is combined with Two Micron All Sky Survey near-IR data to identify young stellar objects (YSOs) by IR-excess emission from their circumstellar material. Chandra X-ray data are used to identify class III pre-main-sequence stars lacking circumstellar material. We identify 624 YSOs: 23 class 0/I and 90 flat spectrum protostars, 437 class II stars, and 74 class III stars. We also identify 29 (27 new) O star candidates over the IRAC field. Seventy-two stars exhibit IR-variability, including 7 class 0/I and 12 flat spectrum YSOs. A further 177 tentative candidates are identified by their location in the IRAC [3.6] versus [3.6]-[5.8] color-magnitude diagram. We find strong evidence of subclustering in the region. Three subclusters were identified surrounding the central cluster, with massive and variable stars in each subcluster. The central region shows evidence of distinct spatial distributions of the protostars and pre-main-sequence stars. A previously detected IR cluster, DB2001_Obj36, has been established as a subcluster of RCW 38. This suggests that star formation in RCW 38 occurs over a more extended area than previously thought. The gas-to-dust ratio is examined using the X-ray derived hydrogen column density, NH and the K-band extinction, and found to be consistent with the diffuse interstellar medium, in contrast with Serpens and NGC 1333. We posit that the high photoionizing flux of massive stars in RCW 38 affects the agglomeration of the dust grains.
infrared: stars - stars: formation - stars: massive - stars: pre-main sequence - X-rays: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/743/166): table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat table7.dat table8.dat>
Table 2: [WWB2011] NNN (Nos 1-536). Tables 3-5: [WWB2011] Spitzer NNN N=624+178 among (Nos 1-814). Table 6: [WWB2011] vNN N=24 among (Nos v1-v25). Table 7: [WWB2011] ocNN N=21 among (Nos oc1-oc26). Table 8: [WWB2011] eN (Nos e1-e3).
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