Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 414, 3769-3776 (2011/July-2)
Uniform detection of the pre-main-sequence population in the five embedded clusters related to the H II region NGC 2174 (Sh2-252).
BONATTO C. and BICA E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We investigate five embedded clusters (ECs) and the extended stellar group itself of the prominent H II region NGC 2174 (Sh2-252), which presents scarce and heterogeneous information coming from the optical and infrared. Considering the discrepant values of distance and age, the clusters and the H II region appear to be physically unrelated. The analysis is based on field-star-decontaminated 2MASS photometry, which allows sampling of the pre-main sequence (PMS). We find that Sh2-252A, C, E, NGC 2175s and Teu 136 are small ECs (radius within 1.0–2.3 pc) characterized by a similar age (∼5 Myr), reddening (AV∼ 1), distance from the Sun (d☉∼ 1.4 kpc) and low mass (60–200 M☉). This age is consistent with the H II region, the presence of O and B stars still in the main sequence (MS) and the dominance (≳95 per cent by number) of PMS stars in the colour–magnitude diagrams (CMDs). NGC 2175 is not a star cluster, but an extended stellar group that encompasses the ECs Sh2-252 A and C. It contains ∼36 per cent of the member stars (essentially PMS) in the area, with the remaining belonging to the two ECs. CMDs of the overall star-forming region and the ECs provide d☉= 1.4±0.4 kpc for the NGC 2174 complex, consistent with the value estimated for the physically related association Gem OB1. Our uniform approach shows that NGC 2174 and its related ECs (except, perhaps, for Teu 136) are part of a single star-forming complex. CMD similarities among the ECs and with the overall region suggest a coeval (to within ±5 Myr) star-forming event extending for several Myr. At least four ECs originated in the event, together with the off-cluster star formation that probably gave rise to the scattered stars of NGC 2175.
2011 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society2011 RAS
open clusters and associations: general - open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2174 (Sh2-252)
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