Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 416, 509-521 (2011/September-1)
Deep Fabry–Perot hα observations of two Sculptor group galaxies, NGC 247 and 300.
HLAVACEK-LARRONDO J., MARCELIN M., EPINAT B., CARIGNAN C., DE DENUS-BAILLARGEON M.-M., DAIGLE O. and HERNANDEZ O.
Abstract (from CDS):
It has been suggested that diffuse ionized gas can extend all the way to the end of the H I disc, and even beyond, such as in the case of the warped galaxy NGC 253 (Bland-Hawthorn et al.). Detecting ionized gas at these radii could carry significant implications as to the distribution of dark matter in galaxies. With the aim of detecting this gas, we carried out a deep Hα kinematical analysis of two Sculptor group galaxies, NGC 247 and 300. The Fabry–Perot data were taken at the 36-cm Marseille Telescope in La Silla, Chile, offering a large field of view. With almost 20 hours of observations for each galaxy, very faint diffuse emission is detected. Typical emission measures of 0.1/cm6 pc are reached. For NGC 247, emission extending up to a radius comparable with that of the H I disc (r ∼ 13 arcmin) is found, but no emission is seen beyond the H I disc. For NGC 300, we detect ionized gas on the entirety of our field of view (rmax ∼ 14 arcmin), and find that the bright H II regions are embedded in a diffuse background. Using the deep data, extended optical rotation curves are obtained, as well as mass models. These are the most extended optical rotation curves thus far for these galaxies. We find no evidence suggesting that NGC 247 has a warped disc, and to account for our non-detection of Hα emission beyond its H I disc, as opposed to the warped galaxy NGC 253, our results favour the model in which, only through a warp, ionization by hot young stars in the central region of a galaxy can let photons escape and ionize the interstellar medium in the outer parts.
2011 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society2011 RAS
instrumentation: interferometers - techniques: radial velocities - galaxies: individual: NGC 247 - galaxies: individual: NGC 300 - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
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