Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 541, L10-10 (2012/5-1)
[CII] 158 µm line detection of the warm ionized medium in the Scutum-Crux spiral arm tangency.
VELUSAMY T., LANGER W.D., PINEDA J.L. and GOLDSMITH P.F.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Herschel HIFI GOT C+ Galactic plane [CII] spectral survey has detected strong emission at the spiral arm tangencies. We use the unique viewing geometry of the Scutum-Crux (S-C) tangency near l=30°to detect the warm ionized medium (WIM) component traced by [CII] and to study the effects of spiral density waves on Interstellar Medium (ISM) gas. We compare [CII] velocity features with ancillary HI, 12CO and 13CO data near tangent velocities at each longitude to separate the cold neutral medium and the warm neutral + ionized components in the S-C tangency, then we identify [CII] emission at the highest velocities without any contribution from 12CO clouds, as WIM. We present the GOT C+ results for the S-C tangency. We interpret the diffuse and extended excess [CII] emission at and above the tangent velocities as arising in the electron-dominated warm ionized gas in the WIM. We derive an electron density in the range of 0.2-0.9cm–3 at each longitude, a factor of several higher than the average value from Hα and pulsar dispersion. We interpret the excess [CII] in S-C tangency as shock compression of the WIM induced by the spiral density waves.
ISM: structure - ISM: general - submillimeter: ISM - infrared: ISM