Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 542A, 108-108 (2012/6-1)
Giant molecular clouds in the Local Group galaxy M33.
GRATIER P., BRAINE J., RODRIGUEZ-FERNANDEZ N.J., SCHUSTER K.F., KRAMER C., CORBELLI E., COMBES F., BROUILLET N., VAN DER WERF P.P. and ROELLIG M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present an analysis of a systematic CO(2-1) survey at 12" resolution covering most of the Local Group spiral M33, which, at a distance of 840 kpc, is close enough for individual giant molecular clouds (GMCs) to be identified. The goal of this work is to study the properties of the GMCs in this subsolar metallicity galaxy. The CPROPS (Cloud PROPertieS) algorithm was used to identify 337 GMCs in M33, the largest sample to date for an external galaxy. The sample is used to study the GMC luminosity function, or mass spectrum under the assumption of a constant N(H2)/ICO ratio. We find that n(L)dL ∝L–2.0±0.1 for the entire sample. However, when the sample is divided into inner and outer disk samples, the exponent changes from 1.6±0.2 in the center 2kpc to 2.3±0.2 for galactocentric distances larger than 2kpc. On the basis of the emission in the FUV, Hα, 8µm, and 24µm bands, each cloud was classified in terms of its star-forming activity - no star formation or either embedded or exposed star formation (visible in FUV and Hα). At least one sixth of the clouds had no (massive) star formation, suggesting that the average time required for star formation to start is about one sixth of the total time for which the object is identifiable as a GMC. The clouds without star formation have significantly lower CO luminosities than those with star formation, whether embedded or exposed, a result that is presumably related to the lack of heating sources. Taking the cloud sample as a whole, the main non-trivial correlation is the decrease in cloud CO brightness (or luminosity) with galactocentric radius. The complete cloud catalog, including the CO and HI spectra and the CO contours overlaid on the FUV, Hα, 8µm, and 24µm images is presented in the appendix.
ISM: clouds - stars: formation - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: ISM - Local Group - galaxies: individual: M33
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/542/A108): tablea1.dat>
Table A.1: [GBR2012] NNN (Nos 1-337).
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