Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 542, L19-19 (2012/6-1)
Probing magnetohydrodynamic shocks with high-J CO observations: W28F.
GUSDORF A., ANDERL S., GUESTEN R., STUTZKI J., HUEBERS H.-W., HARTOGH P., HEYMINCK S. and OKADA Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
Observing supernova remnants (SNRs) and modelling the shocks they are associated with is the best way to quantify the energy SNRs re-distribute back into the interstellar medium (ISM). We present comparisons of shock models with CO observations in the F knot of the W28 supernova remnant. These comparisons constitute a valuable tool to constrain both the shock characteristics and pre-shock conditions. New CO observations from the shocked regions with the APEX and SOFIA telescopes are presented and combined. The integrated intensities are compared to the outputs of a grid of models, which were combined from an MHD shock code that calculates the dynamical and chemical structure of these regions and a radiative transfer module based on the large velocity gradient (LVG) approximation. We base our modelling method on the higher J CO transitions, which unambiguously trace the passage of a shock wave. We provide fits for the blue- and red-lobe components of the observed shocks. We find that only stationary, C-type shock models can reproduce the observed levels of CO emission. Our best models are found for a pre-shock density of 104cm–3, with the magnetic field strength varying between 45 and 100µG, and a slightly higher shock velocity for the so-called blue-shock (∼25km/s) than for the red one (∼20km/s). Our models also satisfactorily account for the pure rotational H2 emission that is observed with Spitzer.
ISM: supernova remnants - ISM: individual objects: W28 - ISM: kinematics and dynamics - shock waves - submillimeter: ISM - infrared: ISM