Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 545A, 57-57 (2012/9-1)
BR 1202-0725: an extreme multiple merger at z = 4.7.
SALOME P., GUELIN M., DOWNES D., COX P., GUILLOTEAU S., OMONT A., GAVAZZI R. and NERI R.
Abstract (from CDS):
The radio-quiet quasar BR1202-0725 (z=4.695) is a remarkable source with a bright northwest (NW) companion detected at submillimeter and radio wavelengths but invisible in the optical. In the absence of amplification by gravitational lensing, BR1202-0725 would be the most luminous binary CO and far-infrared (far-IR) source in the Universe. In this paper, we report observations with the IRAM Plateau de Bure interferometer of BR1202-0725 in the redshifted emission of the CO(5-4) and (7-6) lines, the [CI](3P2-3P1) line, a high angular resolution (0.3''x0.8'') 1.3mm map of the rest-frame, far-IR dust continuum, and a search for the CO(11-10) line. We compare these results with recent ALMA data in the [C II] line. Both the quasar host galaxy and its NW companion are spatially resolved in the molecular line emission and the dust continuum. The CO profile of the NW companion is very broad with a full width at half maximum of ∼1000±130km/s, compared to ∼360±40km/s for the quasar host galaxy to the southeast (SE). The difference in linewidths and center velocities, and the absence of any lens candidate or arc-like structure in the field, at any wavelength, show that the obscured NW galaxy and the SE quasar host galaxy cannot be lensed images of the same object. Instead, we find morphological and kinematic evidence for sub-structures in both the NW and SE sources. We interpret these results as strong indications that the BR1202-0725 complex is a group of young, interacting, and highly active starburst galaxies.
galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: star clusters: individual: BR1202-0725 - techniques: interferometric - cosmology: observations
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