Astron. J., 143, 28 (2012/February-0)
High ionization species in the nearby interstellar medium from an exhaustive analysis of the IUE INES database.
FREIRE FERRERO R., MORALES DURAN C., HALBWACHS J.-L. and CABO CUBEIRO A.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Main-sequence (MS) and giant late-B and early-A type stars are the best targets for searching for nearby interstellar (IS) Si IV and C IV resonance lines because they are not able to produce them, either in atmospheric layers or in their circumstellar environment, and because many stars of these spectral types are nearby and located in the local interstellar medium (LISM). In addition, the use of certain stars hotter than B6 can lead to misinterpretations (e.g., alpha Arae). This work analyzes the reliable Short-Wavelength Prime high-resolution UV spectra of 558 B6-A9 type stars observed by the International Ultraviolet Explorer at distances lower than 400 pc from the Sun. For the first time, this work utilizes the entire INES database to extract stellar and IS information in a systematic way from homogeneous data. Stars were classified into seven groups: normal (MS and subgiant), giant, peculiar, emission line, Algols, pre-main sequence or Herbig Ae/Be, and shell stars. Only 10 normal stars, located beyond 90 pc, show weak Si IV and C IV absorptions and are clustered around the direction of Sco-Cen, while 85 located closer than 90 pc, as well as another 89 beyond 90 pc, do not show any absorptions at all. We conclude that these highly ionized species originate most probably in the LISM, at 90 pc from the Sun, corresponding to the warm interaction zone (IZ), where the expanding Loop I super-shell and the Local Bubble collide. We base our results on a robust statistical analysis of both spectral types and spatial distributions of the different stellar groups we defined. Our estimated column densities N of both ions are similar to those obtained by other authors for distant stars, suggesting that these absorptions concentrate fundamentally in the IZ. A logarithmic correlation between N and the distance D confirms these results.
astronomical databases: miscellaneous - circumstellar matter - ISM: bubbles - ISM: individual: Loop I - ultraviolet: ISM
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/143/28): table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table8.dat table14.dat>
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2012AJ....143...28F and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu