The baryonic Tully-Fisher relation of gas-rich galaxies as a test of ΛCDM and MOND.
Abstract (from CDS):
The baryonic Tully-Fisher relation (BTFR) is an empirical relation between baryonic mass and rotation velocity in disk galaxies. It provides tests of galaxy formation models in ΛCDM and of alternative theories like modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND). Observations of gas-rich galaxies provide a measure of the slope and normalization of the BTFR that is more accurate (if less precise) than that provided by star-dominated spirals, as their masses are insensitive to the details of stellar population modeling. Recent independent data for such galaxies are consistent with Mb= AV 4f with A = 47 ±6 M☉/km4.s4. This is equivalent to MOND with a0= 1.3 ±0.3 Å/s2. The scatter in the data is consistent with being due entirely to observational uncertainties. It is unclear why the physics of galaxy formation in ΛCDM happens to pick out the relation predicted by MOND. We introduce a feedback efficacy parameter ε to relate halo properties to those of the galaxies they host. ε correlates with star formation rate and gas fraction in the sense that galaxies that have experienced the least star formation have been most impacted by feedback.