SIMBAD references

2012AJ....144...72F - Astron. J., 144, 72 (2012/September-0)

Very low mass stellar and substellar companions to solar-like stars from MARVELS. II. A short-period companion orbiting an F star with evidence of a stellar tertiary and significant mutual inclination.

FLEMING S.W., GE J., BARNES R., BEATTY T.G., CREPP J.R., DE LEE N., ESPOSITO M., FEMENIA B., FERREIRA L., GARY B., GAUDI B.S., GHEZZI L., GONZALEZ HERNANDEZ J.I., HEBB L., JIANG P., LEE B., NELSON B., PORTO DE MELLO G.F., SHAPPEE B.J., STASSUN K., THOMPSON T.A., TOFFLEMIRE B.M., WISNIEWSKI J.P., WOOD-VASEY W.M., AGOL E., ALLENDE PRIETO C., BIZYAEV D., BREWINGTON H., CARGILE P.A., COBAN L., COSTELLO K.S., DA COSTA L.N., GOOD M.L., HUA N., KANE S.R., LANDER G.R., LIU J., MA B., MAHADEVAN S., MAIA M.A.G., MALANUSHENKO E., MALANUSHENKO V., MUNA D., NGUYEN D.C., ORAVETZ D., PAEGERT M., PAN K., PEPPER J., REBOLO R., ROEBUCK E.J., SANTIAGO B.X., SCHNEIDER D.P., SHELDEN A., SIMMONS A., SIVARANI T., SNEDDEN S., VINCENT C.L.M., WAN X., WANG J., WEAVER B.A., WEAVER G.M. and ZHAO B.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report the discovery via radial velocity (RV) measurements of a short-period (P = 2.430420±0.000006 days) companion to the F-type main-sequence star TYC 2930-00872-1. A long-term trend in the RV data also suggests the presence of a tertiary stellar companion with P > 2000 days. High-resolution spectroscopy of the host star yields Teff= 6427±33 K, log g = 4.52±0.14, and [Fe/H] distribution (SED) and a parallax, allow us to infer a mass and radius of the host star of M1= 1.21±0.08 M and R1= 1.09+0.15 _- 0.13R☉_. The minimum mass of the inner companion is below the hydrogen-burning limit; however, the true mass is likely to be substantially higher. We are able to exclude transits of the inner companion with high confidence. Further, the host star spectrum exhibits a clear signature of Ca H and K core emission, indicating stellar activity, but a lack of photometric variability and small vsin I suggest that the primary's spin axis is oriented in a pole-on configuration. The rotational period of the primary estimated through an activity-rotation relation matches the orbital period of the inner companion to within 1.5 σ, suggesting that the primary and inner companion are tidally locked. If the inner companion's orbital angular momentum vector is aligned with the stellar spin axis as expected through tidal evolution, then it has a stellar mass of ∼0.3-0.4 M. Direct imaging limits the existence of stellar companions to projected separations <30 AU. No set of spectral lines and no significant flux contribution to the SED from either companion are detected, which places individual upper mass limits of M_{2, 3}_ ≲ 1.0 M, provided they are not stellar remnants. If the tertiary is not a stellar remnant, then it likely has a mass of ∼0.5-0.6 M, and its orbit is likely significantly inclined from that of the secondary, suggesting that the Kozai-Lidov mechanism may have driven the dynamical evolution of this system.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): binaries: close - binaries: spectroscopic - stars: individual: TYC 2930-00872-1

Nomenclature: MARVELS-2b N=1.

Simbad objects: 7

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2019.10.15-00:01:26

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