SIMBAD references

2012AJ....144..116S - Astron. J., 144, 116 (2012/October-0)

Spectral classification of the brightest objects in the galactic star-forming region W40.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present high signal-to-noise, moderate resolution (R ~ 2000) near-infrared spectra, as well as 10 µm imaging, for the brightest members of the central stellar cluster in the W40 H II region, obtained using the SpeX and MIRSI instruments at NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility. Using these observations combined with archival Spitzer Space Telescope data, we have determined the spectral classifications, extinction, distances, and spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for the brightest members of the cluster. Of the eight objects observed, we identify four main-sequence (MS) OB stars (one late-O, three early-B), two Herbig Ae/Be stars, and two low-mass young stellar objects (Class II). Strong He I absorption at 1.083 µm in the MS star spectra strongly suggests that at least some of these sources are in fact close binaries. Two out of the four MS stars also show significant infrared excesses typical of circumstellar disks. Extinctions and distances were determined for each MS star by fitting model stellar atmospheres to the SEDs. We estimate a distance to the cluster of between 455 and 535 pc, which agrees well with earlier (but far less precise) distance estimates. We conclude that the late-O star we identify is the dominant source of Lyman continuum luminosity needed to power the W40 H II region and is the likely source of the stellar wind that has blown a large (~4 pc) pinched-waist bubble observed in wide-field mid-IR images. We also suggest that 3.6 cm radio emission observed from some of the sources in the cluster is likely not due to emission from ultracompact H II regions, as suggested in other work, due to size constraints based on our derived distance to the cluster. Finally, we also present a discussion of the curious source IRS 3A, which has a very strong mid-IR excess (despite its B3 MS classification) and appears to be embedded in a dusty envelope roughly 2700 AU in size.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - ISM: individual: W40 - stars: early-type - stars: pre-main sequence

Nomenclature: NAME W 40 IRS N (No. 5) added.

CDS comments: IRS 1E, 1F, 2D, 2E, 2F and the molecular cloud G28.74+3.52 are not in Simbad.

Simbad objects: 22

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