Astrophys. J., 744, 121 (2012/January-2)
A far-ultraviolet atlas of low-resolution Hubble Space Telescope spectra of T Tauri stars.
YANG H., HERCZEG G.J., LINSKY J.L., BROWN A., JOHNS-KRULL C.M., INGLEBY L., CALVET N., BERGIN E. and VALENTI J.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectral atlas consisting of spectra of 91 pre-main-sequence stars. Most stars in this sample were observed with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph and Advanced Camera for Surveys on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). A few archival spectra from the International Ultraviolet Explorer and the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph on HST are included for completeness. We find strong correlations among the O I λ1304 triplet, the Si IV λλ1394/1403 doublet, the C IV λ1549 doublet, and the He II λ1640 line luminosities. For classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs), we also find strong correlations between these lines and the accretion luminosity, suggesting that these lines form in processes related to accretion. These FUV line fluxes and X-ray luminosity correlate loosely with large scatters. The FUV emission also correlates well with Hα, Hβ, and Ca II K line luminosities. These correlations between FUV and optical diagnostics can be used to obtain rough estimates of FUV line fluxes from optical observations. Molecular hydrogen (H2) emission is generally present in the spectra of actively accreting CTTSs but not the weak-lined T Tauri stars that are not accreting. The presence of H2emission in the spectrum of HD 98800 N suggests that the disk should be classified as actively accreting rather than a debris disk. We discuss the importance of FUV radiation, including the hydrogen Lyα line, on the photoevaporation of exoplanet atmospheres. We find that the Ca II/C IV flux ratios for more evolved stars are lower than those for less evolved accretors, indicating preferential depletion of refractory metals into dust grains.
accretion, accretion disks - atlases - stars: pre-main sequence - ultraviolet: stars
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/744/121): table1.dat table2.dat table4.dat refs.dat>
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