Selection effects on the observed redshift dependence of gamma-ray burst jet opening angles.
LU R.-J., WEI J.-J., QIN S.-F. and LIANG E.-W.
Abstract (from CDS):
An apparent redshift dependence of the jet opening angles (θj) of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is observed from the current GRB sample. We investigate whether this dependence can be explained with instrumental selection effects and observational biases by a bootstrapping method. Assuming that (1) the GRB rate follows the star formation history and the cosmic metallicity history and (2) the intrinsic distributions of the jet-corrected luminosity (Lγ) and θj are a Gaussian or a power-law function, we generate a mock Swift/Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) sample by considering various instrumental selection effects, including the flux threshold and the trigger probability of BAT, the probabilities of a GRB jet pointing to the instrument solid angle, and the probability of redshift measurement. Our results reproduce the observed θj- z dependence well. We find that in the case of Lγ∝θ2j good consistency between the mock and observed samples can be obtained, indicating that both Lγ and θjare degenerate for a flux-limited sample. The parameter set (Lγ, θj) = (4.9x1049 erg/s, 0.054 rad) gives the best consistency for the current Swift GRB sample. Considering the beaming effect, the derived intrinsic local GRB rate is accordingly 2.85 x102/Gpc3/yr, inferring that ∼0.59% of Type Ib/c supernovae may be accompanied by a GRB.