SIMBAD references

2012ApJ...746...97S - Astrophys. J., 746, 97 (2012/February-2)

Characterizing CO fourth positive emission in young circumstellar disks.

SCHINDHELM E., FRANCE K., BURGH E.B., HERCZEG G.J., GREEN J.C., BROWN A., BROWN J.M. and VALENTI J.A.

Abstract (from CDS):

Carbon monoxide is a commonly used IR/submillimeter tracer of gas in protoplanetary disks. We present an analysis of ultraviolet CO emission in Hubble Space Telescope Cosmic Origins Spectrograph spectra for 12 Classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs). Several ro-vibrational bands of the CO A 1Π-X 1Σ+ (Fourth Positive) electronic transition system are spectrally resolved from emission of other atoms and H2. The CO A 1Π v' = 14 state is populated by absorption of Lyα photons, created at the accretion column on the stellar surface. For targets with strong CO emission, we model the Lyα radiation field as an input for a simple fluorescence model to estimate CO rotational excitation temperatures and column densities. Typical column densities range from NCO= 1018 to 1019/cm2. Our measured excitation temperatures are mostly below TCO= 600 K, cooler than typical M-band CO emission. These temperatures and the emission line widths imply that the UV emission originates in a different population of CO than that which is IR-emitting. We also find a significant correlation between CO emission and the disk accretion rate {dot}M and age. Our analysis shows that ultraviolet CO emission can be a useful diagnostic of CTTS disk gas.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): protoplanetary disks K stars: individual (RECX 15, DM Tau, DE Tau, HD 135344B, DR Tau, DK Tau, DF Tau, LkCa 15, GM Aur)

Simbad objects: 22

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2019.12.07-16:00:28

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