SIMBAD references

2012ApJ...750...58B - Astrophys. J., 750, 58 (2012/May-1)

Physics of the galactic center cloud G2, on its way toward the supermassive black hole.

BURKERT A., SCHARTMANN M., ALIG C., GILLESSEN S., GENZEL R., FRITZ T.K. and EISENHAUER F.

Abstract (from CDS):

We investigate the origin, structure, and evolution of the small gas cloud G2, which is on an orbit almost straight into the Galactic central supermassive black hole (SMBH). G2 is a sensitive probe of the hot accretion zone of Sgr A*, requiring gas temperatures and densities that agree well with models of captured shock-heated stellar winds. Its mass is equal to the critical mass below which cold clumps would be destroyed quickly by evaporation. Its mass is also constrained by the fact that at apocenter its sound crossing timescale was equal to its infall timescale. Our numerical simulations show that the observed structure and evolution of G2 can be well reproduced if it forms in pressure equilibrium with its surroundings in 1995 at a distance from the SMBH of 7.6x1016 cm. If the cloud had formed at apocenter in the "clockwise" stellar disk as expected from its orbit, it would be torn into a very elongated spaghetti-like filament by 2011, which is not observed. This problem can be solved if G2 is the head of a larger, shell-like structure that formed at apocenter. Our numerical simulations show that this scenario explains not only G2's observed kinematical and geometrical properties but also the Brγ observations of a low surface brightness gas tail that trails the cloud. In 2013, while passing the SMBH, G2 will break up into a string of droplets that within the next 30 years will mix with the surrounding hot gas and trigger cycles of active galactic nucleus activity.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: active - galaxies: ISM - Galaxy: center - Galaxy: nucleus

Nomenclature: Text: [BSA2012] GN (Nos G1-G2).

Simbad objects: 4

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2021.12.09-16:09:20

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