The incidence of debris disks at 24 µm and 670 Myr.
URBAN L.E., RIEKE G., SU K. and TRILLING D.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We use Spitzer Space Telescope 24 µm data to search for debris disks among 122 AFGKM stars from the ∼670 Myr clusters Hyades, Coma Ber, and Praesepe, utilizing a number of advances in data reduction and determining the intrinsic colors of main-sequence stars. For our sample, the 1σ dispersion about the main-sequence V-KS, KS- locus is approximately 3.1%. We identify seven debris disks at 10% or more ( ≥ 3σ confidence level) above the expected KS- for purely photospheric emission. The incidence of excesses of 10% or greater in our sample at this age is 5.7+3.1_- 1.7_%. Combining with results from the literature, the rate is 7.8+4.2_- 2.1_% for early-type (B9-F4) stars and 2.7+3.3_- 1.7_% for solar-like (F5-K9) stars. Our primary sample has strict criteria for inclusion to allow comparison with other work; when we relax these criteria, three additional debris disks are detected. They are all around stars of solar-like type and hence reinforce our conclusion that disks around such stars are still relatively common at 670 Myr and are similar to the rate around early-type stars. The apparently small difference in decay rates between early-type and solar-like stars is inconsistent with the first-order theoretical predictions that the later type stellar disks would decay an order of magnitude more quickly than the earlier type ones.
circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - open clusters and associations: individual (Hyades, Coma Ber, Praesepe) - planetary systems
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/750/98): table1.dat>