Detection of atomic carbon [C II] 158 µm and dust emission from a z = 7.1 quasar host galaxy.
VENEMANS B.P., McMAHON R.G., WALTER F., DECARLI R., COX P., NERI R., HEWETT P., MORTLOCK D.J., SIMPSON C. and WARREN S.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer, we report the detection of the 158 µm [C II] emission line and underlying dust continuum in the host galaxy of the quasar ULAS J112001.48+064124.3 (hereafter J1120+0641) at z = 7.0842±0.0004. This is the highest redshift detection of the [C II] line to date, and allows us to put the first constraints on the physical properties of the host galaxy of J1120+0641. The [C II] line luminosity is 1.2±0.2x109 L☉, which is a factor ∼4 lower than observed in a luminous quasar at z = 6.42 (SDSS J1148+5251). The underlying far-infrared (FIR) continuum has a flux density of 0.61±0.16 mJy, similar to the average flux density of z ∼ 6 quasars that were not individually detected in the rest-frame FIR. Assuming that the FIR luminosity of LFIR= 5.8x1011-1.8 x1012 L☉ is mainly powered by star formation, we derive a star formation rate in the range 160-440 M☉/yr and a total dust mass in the host galaxy of 6.7x107-5.7x108 M☉(both numbers have significant uncertainties given the unknown nature of dust at these redshifts). The [C II] line width of σV= 100±15 km/s is among the smallest observed when compared to the molecular line widths detected in z ∼ 6 quasars. Both the [C II] and dust continuum emission are spatially unresolved at the current angular resolution of 2.0x1.7 arcsec2 (corresponding to 10x9 kpc2 at the redshift of J1120+0641).
cosmology: observations - galaxies: active - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: individual: ULAS J112001.48+064124.3 - galaxies: ISM