Astrophys. J., 752, 43 (2012/June-2)
Formation of massive black holes in dense star clusters. II. Initial mass function and primordial mass segregation.
GOSWAMI S., UMBREIT S., BIERBAUM M. and RASIO F.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
A promising mechanism to form intermediate-mass black holes is the runaway merger in dense star clusters, where main-sequence stars collide and form a very massive star (VMS), which then collapses to a black hole (BH). In this paper, we study the effects of primordial mass segregation and the importance of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) on the runaway growth of VMSs using a dynamical Monte Carlo code for N-body systems with N as high as 106 stars. Our code now includes an explicit treatment of all stellar collisions. We place special emphasis on the possibility of top-heavy IMFs, as observed in some very young massive clusters. We find that both primordial mass segregation and the shape of the IMF affect the rate of core collapse of star clusters and thus the time of the runaway. When we include primordial mass segregation, we generally see a decrease in core-collapse time (tcc). Although for smaller degrees of primordial mass segregation this decrease in tccis mostly due to the change in the density profile of the cluster, for highly mass-segregated (primordial) clusters, it is the increase in the average mass in the core which reduces the central relaxation time decreasing tcc. The final mass of the VMS formed is always close to ∼10–3 of the total cluster mass, in agreement with previous studies and is reminiscent of the observed correlation between the central BH mass and the bulge mass of the galaxies. As the degree of primordial mass segregation is increased, the mass of the VMS increases at most by a factor of three. Flatter IMFs generally increase the average mass in the whole cluster, which increases tcc. For the range of IMFs investigated in this paper, this increase in tccis to some degree balanced by stellar collisions, which accelerate core collapse. Thus, there is no significant change in tcc for the somewhat flatter global IMFs observed in very young massive clusters.
galaxies: starburst - galaxies: star clusters: general - methods: numerical
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2012ApJ...752...43G and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu