HWANG H.S., GELLER M.J., DIAFERIO A. and RINES K.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We use Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) data covering the entire region (∼130 deg2) of the A2199 supercluster at z = 0.03 to study the mid-infrared (MIR) properties of supercluster galaxies. We identify an "MIR star-forming sequence" in the WISE [3.4]- color-12 µm luminosity diagram, consisting of late-type, star-forming galaxies. At a fixed star formation rate, the MIR-detected galaxies at 22 µm or 12 µm tend to be more metal-rich and to have higher surface brightness than those without MIR detection. Using these MIR-detected galaxies, we construct the IR luminosity function (LF) and investigate its environmental dependence. Both total IR (TIR) and 12 µm LFs are dominated by late-type, star-forming galaxies. The contribution of active galactic nucleus host galaxies increases with both TIR and 12 µm luminosities. The contribution of early-type galaxies to the 12 µm LFs increases with decreasing luminosity. The faint-end slope of the TIR LFs does not change with environment, but the change of faint-end slope in the 12 µm LFs with the environment is significant: there is a steeper faint-end slope in the cluster core than in the cluster outskirts. This steepening results primarily from the increasing contribution of early-type galaxies toward the cluster. These galaxies are passively evolving, and contain old stellar populations with weak MIR emission from the circumstellar dust around asymptotic giant branch stars.