Astrophys. J., 752, 93 (2012/June-3)
Evidence for low extinction in actively star-forming galaxies at z > 6.5.
WALTER F., DECARLI R., CARILLI C., RIECHERS D., BERTOLDI F., WEISS A., COX P., NERI R., MAIOLINO R., OUCHI M., EGAMI E. and NAKANISHI K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a search for the [C II] 158 µm fine structure line (a main cooling line of the interstellar medium) and the underlying far-infrared (FIR) continuum in three high-redshift (6.6 < z < 8.2) star-forming galaxies using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We targeted two Lyα-selected galaxies (Lyα emitters, LAEs) with moderate UV-based star formation rates (SFRs ∼ 20 M☉/yr; Himiko at z = 6.6 and IOK-1 at z = 7.0) and a gamma-ray burst (GRB) host galaxy (GRB 090423 at z ∼ 8.2). Based on our 3σ rest-frame FIR continuum limits, previous (rest-frame) UV continuum measurements and spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting, we rule out SED shapes similar to highly obscured galaxies (e.g., Arp 220, M 82) and less extreme dust-rich nearby spiral galaxies (e.g., M 51) for the LAEs. Conservatively assuming an SED shape typical of local spiral galaxies we derive upper limits for the FIR-based star formation rates (SFRs) of ∼70 M☉/yr, ∼50 M☉/yr, and ∼40 M☉/yr for Himiko, IOK-1, and GRB 090423, respectively. For the LAEs these limits are only a factor ∼3 higher than the published UV-based SFRs (uncorrected for extinction). This indicates that the dust obscuration in the z > 6 LAEs studied here is lower by a factor of a few than what has recently been found in some LAEs at lower redshift (2 < z < 3.5) with similar UV-based SFRs. A low obscuration in our z > 6 LAE sample is consistent with recent rest-frame UV studies of z ∼ 7 Lyman break galaxies.
cosmology: observations - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - infrared: galaxies
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