Astrophys. J., 753, 117 (2012/July-2)
Chandra/ACIS-I study of the X-ray properties of the NGC 6611 and M16 stellar populations.
GUARCELLO M.G., CARAMAZZA M., MICELA G., SCIORTINO S., DRAKE J.J. and PRISINZANO L.
Abstract (from CDS):
Mechanisms regulating the origin of X-rays in young stellar objects and the correlation with their evolutionary stage are under debate. Studies of the X-ray properties in young clusters allow us to understand these mechanisms. One ideal target for this analysis is the Eagle Nebula (M16), with its central cluster NGC 6611. At 1750 pc from the Sun, it harbors 93 OB stars, together with a population of low-mass stars from embedded protostars to disk-less Class III objects, with age ≤ 3 Myr. We study an archival 78 ks Chandra/ACIS-I observation of NGC 6611 and two new 80 ks observations of the outer region of M16, one centered on the Column V and the other on a region of the molecular cloud with ongoing star formation. We detect 1755 point sources with 1183 candidate cluster members (219 disk-bearing and 964 disk-less). We study the global X-ray properties of M16 and compare them with those of the Orion Nebula Cluster. We also compare the level of X-ray emission of Class II and Class III stars and analyze the X-ray spectral properties of OB stars. Our study supports the lower level of X-ray activity for the disk-bearing stars with respect to the disk-less members. The X-ray luminosity function (XLF) of M16 is similar to that of Orion, supporting the universality of the XLF in young clusters. Eighty-five percent of the O stars of NGC 6611 have been detected in X-rays. With only one possible exception, they show soft spectra with no hard components, indicating that mechanisms for the production of hard X-ray emission in O stars are not operating in NGC 6611.
open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6611 and M16 - stars: coronae - stars: massive - stars: pre-main sequence - X-rays: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/753/117): xraycat.dat>
Status in Simbad:
could be processed
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