Warm HCN in the planet formation zone of GV Tau N.
FUENTE A., CERNICHARO J. and AGUNDEZ M.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Plateau de Bure Interferometer has been used to map the continuum emission at 3.4 mm and 1.1 mm together with the J = 1⟶0 and J = 3⟶2 lines of HCN and HCO+ toward the binary star GV Tau. The 3.4 mm observations did not resolve the binary components, and the HCN J = 1⟶0 and HCO+ J = 1⟶0 line emissions trace the circumbinary disk and the flattened envelope. However, the 1.1 mm observations resolved the individual disks of GV Tau N and GV Tau S and allowed us to study their chemistry. We detected the HCN 3⟶2 line only toward the individual disk of GV Tau N, and the emission of the HCO+ 3⟶2 line toward GV Tau S. Simple calculations indicate that the 3⟶2 line of HCN is formed in the inner R < 12 AU of the disk around GV Tau N where the HCN/HCO+ abundance ratio is >300. On the contrary, this ratio is <1.6 in the disk around GV Tau S. The high HCN abundance measured in GV Tau N is well explained by photochemical processes in the warm (>400 K) and dense (n > 107/cm3) disk surface.
ISM: individual (GV Tau N, GV Tau S) - ISM: lines and bands - radio continuum: ISM - stars: formation