SIMBAD references

2012ApJ...754L..20M - Astrophys. J., 754, L20 (2012/August-1)

On the age and binarity of Fomalhaut.


Abstract (from CDS):

The nearby (d = 7.7 pc) A3V star Fomalhaut is orbited by a resolved dusty debris disk and a controversial candidate extrasolar planet. The commonly cited age for the system (200±100 Myr) from Barrado y Navascues et al. relied on a combination of isochronal age plus youth indicators for the K4V common proper-motion system TW PsA. TW PsA is 1°.96 away from Fomalhaut and was first proposed as a companion by Luyten, but the physicality of the binarity is worth testing with modern data. I demonstrate that TW PsA is unequivocally a physical stellar companion to Fomalhaut, with true separation 0.280+0.019_- 0.012_ pc (57.4+3.9_- 2.5_kAU) and sharing velocities within 0.1±0.5 km/s–consistent with being a bound system. Hence, TW PsA should be considered "Fomalhaut B." Combining modern H-R diagram constraints with four sets of evolutionary tracks, and assuming the star was born with protosolar composition, I estimate a new isochronal age for Fomalhaut of 450±40 Myr and mass of 1.92±0.02 M. Various stellar youth diagnostics are re-examined for TW PsA. The star's rotation, X-ray emission, and Li abundances are consistent with approximate ages of 410, 380, and 360 Myr, respectively, yielding a weighted mean age of 400±70 Myr. Combining the independent ages, I estimate a mean age for the Fomalhaut-TW PsA binary of 440±40 Myr. The older age implies that substellar companions of a given mass are approximately 1 mag fainter at IR wavelengths than previously assumed.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): binaries: visual - circumstellar matter - planetary systems - stars: activity - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: individual (Fomalhaut, TW PsA)

Simbad objects: 12

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