Astrophys. J., 755, 120 (2012/August-3)
Experimental and theoretical study on the infrared spectroscopy of astrophysically relevant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon derivatives 2- and 9-Vinylanthracene.
MAURYA A., RASTOGI S., ROUILLE G., HUISKEN F. and HENNING T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We propose to evaluate the contribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules that carry side groups to the mid-infrared emission spectra. Within this framework, the IR absorption spectra of 2-vinylanthracene (2-VA) and 9-vinylanthracene (9-VA) were measured in Ar matrices at 12 K and in CsI and polyethylene pellets at room temperature. The laboratory spectra were analyzed with the support of simulations based on the density functional theory. For each PAH molecule, eight IR spectra were computed by combining the B3LYP functional with as many different basis sets, namely, 4-31G, 4-31G(d), 6-31G, 6-311G, 6-31G(d), 6-31G(d,p), 6-31+G(d,p), and 6-31++G(d,p). The comparison of the theoretical spectra with the laboratory data allowed us to determine the most suitable combinations for modeling the IR spectra of neutral PAH molecules that carry a vinyl side group. It was concluded from the examples of 2- and 9-VA that the optimum basis set is 6-31G unless a steric interaction has to be taken into account, in which case the optimum basis set is 6-31G(d). Thus, in the presence of such an interaction, the use of d-type polarization functions is recommended. We discuss the possibility for neutral vinyl-substituted PAHs to contribute to the mid-infrared emission spectra and find that their specific features do not match with the mid-infrared aromatic emission bands.
ISM: lines and bands - ISM: molecules - molecular data
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