Astrophys. J., 755, 134 (2012/August-3)
Two distant halo velocity groups discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory.
SESAR B., COHEN J.G., LEVITAN D., GRILLMAIR C.J., JURIC M., KIRBY E.N., LAHER R.R., OFEK E.O., SURACE J.A., KULKARNI S.R. and PRINCE T.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of two new halo velocity groups (Cancer groups A and B) traced by eight distant RR Lyrae stars and observed by the Palomar Transient Factory survey at R.A. ∼ 129°, decl. ∼ 20° (l ∼ 205°, b ∼ 32°). Located at 92 kpc from the Galactic center (86 kpc from the Sun), these are some of the most distant substructures in the Galactic halo known to date. Follow-up spectroscopic observations with the Palomar Observatory 5.1 m Hale telescope and W. M. Keck Observatory 10 m Keck I telescope indicate that the two groups are moving away from the Galaxy at gsrA = 78.0 ± 5.6 km/s (Cancer group A) and gsrB = 16.3± 7.1 km/s (Cancer group B). The groups have velocity dispersions of σνgsrA = 12.4 ± 5.0 km/s and σνgsrB = 14.9 ± 6.2 km/s and are spatially extended (about several kpc), making it very unlikely that they are bound systems, and more likely to be debris of tidally disrupted dwarf galaxies or globular clusters. Both groups are metal-poor (median metallicities of [Fe/H]A = -1.6 dex and [Fe/H]B dispersion of ∼0.4 dex, suggesting dwarf galaxies as progenitors. Two additional RR Lyrae stars with velocities consistent with those of the Cancer groups have been observed ∼25° east, suggesting possible extension of the groups in that direction.
Galaxy: halo - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - Galaxy: structure - stars: variables: RR Lyrae
Status at CDS:
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2012ApJ...755..134S and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu