WISE detections of dust in the habitable zones of planet-bearing stars.
MORALES F.Y., PADGETT D.L., BRYDEN G., WERNER M.W. and FURLAN E.
Abstract (from CDS):
We use data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) all-sky release to explore the incidence of warm dust in the habitable zones around exoplanet-host stars. Dust emission at 12 and/or 22 µm (Tdust∼ 300 and/or ∼150 K) traces events in the terrestrial planet zones; its existence implies replenishment by evaporation of comets or collisions of asteroids, possibly stirred by larger planets. Of the 591 planetary systems (728 extrasolar planets) in the Exoplanet Encyclopaedia as of 2012 January 31, 350 are robustly detected by WISE at ≥ 5σ level. We perform detailed photosphere subtraction using tools developed for Spitzer data and visually inspect all the WISE images to confirm bona fide point sources. We find nine planet-bearing stars show dust excess emission at 12 and/or 22 µm at ≥ 3σ level around young, main-sequence, or evolved giant stars. Overall, our results yield an excess incidence of ∼2.6% for stars of all evolutionary stages, but ∼1% for planetary debris disks around main-sequence stars. Besides recovering previously known warm systems, we identify one new excess candidate around the young star UScoCTIO 108.
circumstellar matter - infrared: planetary systems - planets and satellites: formation - stars: individual: UScoCTIO 108