Astrophys. J., 757, 28 (2012/September-3)
Keck/NIRC2 imaging of the warped, asymmetric debris disk around HD 32297.
CURRIE T., RODIGAS T.J., DEBES J., PLAVCHAN P., KUCHNER M., JANG-CONDELL H., WILNER D., ANDREWS S., KRAUS A., DAHM S. and ROBITAILLE T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present Keck/NIRC2 Ks-band high-contrast coronagraphic imaging of the luminous debris disk around the nearby, young A star HD 32297 resolved at a projected separation of r = 0".3-2".5 (~35-280 AU). The disk is highly warped to the north and exhibits a complex, "wavy" surface brightness (SB) profile interior to r ~ 110 AU, where the peaks/plateaus in the profiles are shifted between the NE and SW disk lobes. The SW side of the disk is 50%-100% brighter at r = 35-80 AU, and the location of its peak brightness roughly coincides with the disk's millimeter (mm) emission peak. Spectral energy distribution modeling suggests that HD 32297 has at least two dust populations that may originate from two separate belts, likely at different locations, possibly at distances coinciding with the SB peaks. A disk model for a single dust belt including a phase function with two components and a 5-10 AU pericenter offset explains the disk's warped structure and reproduces some of the SB profile's shape (e.g., the overall "wavy" profile, the SB peak/plateau shifts) but more poorly reproduces the disk's brightness asymmetry and the profile at wider separations (r > 110 AU). Although there may be alternate explanations, agreement between the SW disk brightness peak and disk's peak mm emission is consistent with an overdensity of very small, sub-blowout-sized dust and large, 0.1-1 mm sized grains at ~45 AU tracing the same parent population of planetesimals. New near-IR and submillimeter observations may be able to clarify whether even more complex grain scattering properties or dynamical sculpting by an unseen planet are required to explain HD 32297's disk structure.
planetary systems - stars: early-type - stars: individual: HD 32297
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