Astrophys. J., 758, 25 (2012/October-2)
SHELS: optical spectral properties of WISE 22 µm selected galaxies.
HWANG H.S., GELLER M.J., KURTZ M.J., DELL'ANTONIO I.P. and FABRICANT D.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We use a dense, complete redshift survey, the Smithsonian Hectospec Lensing Survey (SHELS), covering a 4 deg2 region of a deep imaging survey, the Deep Lens Survey (DLS), to study the optical spectral properties of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) 22 µm selected galaxies. Among 507 WISE 22 µm selected sources with (S/N)_22 µm_ ≥ 3 (~S_22 µm_ ≳ 2.5 mJy), we identify the optical counterparts of 481 sources (∼98%) at R < 25.2 in the very deep, DLS R-band source catalog. Among them, 337 galaxies at R < 21 have SHELS spectroscopic data. Most of these objects are at z < 0.8. The infrared (IR) luminosities are in the range 4.5x108(L ☉) ≲ LIR ≲ 5.4x1012(L☉). Most 22 µm selected galaxies are dusty star-forming galaxies with a small (<1.5) 4000 Å break. The stacked spectra of the 22 µm selected galaxies binned in IR luminosity show that the strength of the [O III] line relative to Hβ grows with increasing IR luminosity. The optical spectra of the 22 µm selected galaxies also show that there are some (∼2.8%) unusual galaxies with very strong [Ne III] λ3869, 3968 emission lines that require hard ionizing radiation such as active galactic nuclei (AGNs) or extremely young massive stars. The specific star formation rates (sSFRs) derived from the 3.6 and 22 µm flux densities are enhanced if the 22 µm selected galaxies have close late-type neighbors. The sSFR distribution of the 22 µm selected galaxies containing AGNs is similar to the distribution for star-forming galaxies without AGNs. We identify 48 dust-obscured galaxy candidates with large ( ≳ 1000) mid-IR to optical flux density ratio. The combination of deep photometric and spectroscopic data with WISE data suggests that WISE can probe the universe to z ∼ 2.
galaxies: active - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: starburst - infrared: galaxies - surveys
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/758/25): table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat>
Table 5: SHELS DDD.ddddddd+DD.ddddddd N=337.
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