Astrophys. J., 760, 41 (2012/November-3)
Kiloparsec-scale radio structures in narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies.
DOI A., NAGIRA H., KAWAKATU N., KINO M., NAGAI H. and ASADA K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the finding of kiloparsec (kpc)-scale radio structures in three radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies from the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-centimeters of the Very Large Array, which increases the number of known radio-loud NLS1s with kpc-scale structures to six, including two γ-ray-emitting NLS1s (PMN J0948+0022 and 1H 0323+342) detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. The detection rate of extended radio emissions in NLS1s is lower than that in broad-line active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with a statistical significance. We found both core-dominated (blazar-like) and lobe-dominated (radio-galaxy-like) radio structures in these six NLS1s, which can be understood in the framework of the unified scheme of radio-loud AGNs that considers radio galaxies as non-beamed parent populations of blazars. Five of the six NLS1s have (1) extended radio luminosities suggesting jet kinetic powers of ≳ 1044 erg/s, which is sufficient to make jets escape from hosts' dense environments; (2) black holes of ≳ 107 M☉, which can generate the necessary jet powers from near-Eddington mass accretion; and (3) two-sided radio structures at kpc scales, requiring expansion rates of ∼0.01c-0.3c and kinematic ages of ≳ 107 years. On the other hand, most typical NLS1s would be driven by black holes of ≲ 107 M☉ in a limited lifetime of ∼107 years. Hence, the kpc-scale radio structures may originate in a small window of opportunity during the final stage of the NLS1 phase just before growing into broad-line AGNs.
galaxies: active - galaxies: individual (PMN J0948+0022, SDSS J120014.08-004638.7, SDSS J145041.93+591936.9, FBQS J1644+2619, 1H 0323+342, PKS 0558-504) - galaxies: jets - galaxies: Seyfert - gamma rays: galaxies - radio continuum: galaxies
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