Maser observations of westerlund 1 and comprehensive considerations on maser properties of red supergiants associated with massive clusters.
FOK T.K.T., NAKASHIMA J.-I., YUNG B.H.K., HSIA C.-H. and DEGUCHI S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the results of Australia Telescope Compact Array observations of the Westerlund 1 (Wd1) region in the SiO v = 1, J = 1-0, and H2 O 616-523 maser lines, and we also report the analysis of maser properties of red supergiants (RSGs) associated with six massive clusters including Wd1. The primary purpose of this research is to explore possibilities of using maser emission for investigating the nature of massive clusters and associated RSGs. The SiO v = 1, J = 1-0, and H2 O 616-523maser lines are detected toward two of four known RSGs in Wd1. The large velocity ranges of maser emission are consistent with the RSG status. RSGs with maser emission tend to exhibit redder log (F21/F12) and [K-12.13] colors compared to RSGs with no maser emission. The mass-loss rates derived from dust radiative transfer modeling suggest that RSGs with maser emission tend to exhibit larger mass-loss rates compared to RSGs with no maser emission. In an extended sample of 57 RSGs in six massive clusters, detections in the SiO line tend to homogeneously distribute in absolute luminosity L, whereas those in the H2 O line tend to distribute in a region with large L values.
masers - open clusters and associations: individual: Westerlund 1 - stars: late-type - stars: mass-loss - supergiants - radio lines: stars