Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 425, 1312-1319 (2012/September-2)
Period and light-curve fluctuations of the Kepler cepheid V1154 Cygni.
DEREKAS A., SZABO GY.M., BERDNIKOV L., SZABO R., SMOLEC R., KISS L.L., SZABADOS L., CHADID M., EVANS N.R., KINEMUCHI K., NEMEC J.M., SEADER S.E., SMITH J.C. and TENENBAUM P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a detailed period analysis of the bright Cepheid-type variable star V1154 Cygni (V1154 Cyg; V
= 9.1mag, P
≈ 4.9d) based on almost 600d of continuous observations by the Kepler
space telescope. The data reveal significant cycle-to-cycle fluctuations in the pulsation period, indicating that classical Cepheids may not be as accurate astrophysical clocks as commonly believed: regardless of the specific points used to determine the O
values, the cycle lengths show a scatter of 0.015–0.02d over 120 cycles covered by the observations. A very slight correlation between the individual Fourier parameters and the O
values was found, suggesting that the O
variations might be due to the instability of the light-curve shape. Random-fluctuation tests revealed a linear trend up to a cycle difference 15, but for long term, the period remains around the mean value. We compare the measurements with simulated light curves that were constructed to mimic V1154 Cyg as a perfect pulsator modulated only by the light travel time effect caused by low-mass companions. We show that the observed period jitter in V1154 Cyg represents a serious limitation in the search for binary companions. While the Kepler
data are accurate enough to allow the detection of planetary bodies in close orbits around a Cepheid, the astrophysical noise can easily hide the signal of the light-time effect.
Hungarian Eötvös Fellow and Magyary Zoltán Postdoctoral Research Fellow.
2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 2012 RAS
techniques: photometric - planets and satellites: detection - stars: individual: V1154 Cyg - stars: variables: Cepheids
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