Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 553A, 67-67 (2013/5-1)
Star-forming galaxies in low-redshift clusters: effects of environment on the concentration of star formation.
BRETHERTON C.F., MOSS C. and JAMES P.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We attempt to determine the dominant processes acting on star-forming disk galaxies as a result of the cluster environment by studying the normalised rates and radial distributions of star formation in galaxies within low-redshift clusters. We develop indicators of different processes based on the radial concentrations of R-band and Hα light within each of the galaxies studied. The tests are applied to galaxies in each of 3 environments - cluster, supercluster (outside the cluster virial radius) and field. We develop new diagnostic diagrams combining star-formation rate and spatial distribution information to differentiate between stripping of outer disk gas, general gas depletion, nuclear starbursts and galaxy-wide enhancement of star formation. Hubble type classifications of cluster galaxies are found to correlate only weakly with their concentration indices, whereas this correlation is strong for non-cluster populations of disk galaxies. We identify a population of early-type disk galaxies in the cluster population with both enhanced and centrally-concentrated star formation compared to their field counterparts. The enhanced cluster galaxies frequently show evidence of disturbance. A small but non-negligible population of cluster galaxies with truncation of star formation in their outer disks is also found.
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: star formation - galaxies: structure