Updated mass scaling relations for nuclear star clusters and a comparison to supermassive black holes.
SCOTT N. and GRAHAM A.W.
Abstract (from CDS):
We investigate whether or not nuclear star clusters and supermassive black holes (SMBHs) follow a common set of mass scaling relations with their host galaxy's properties, and hence can be considered to form a single class of central massive object (CMO). We have compiled a large sample of galaxies with measured nuclear star cluster masses and host galaxy properties from the literature and fit log-linear scaling relations. We find that nuclear star cluster mass, MNC, correlates most tightly with the host galaxy's velocity dispersion: log MNC= (2.11±0.31)log (σ/54) + (6.63 ± 0.09), but has a slope dramatically shallower than the relation defined by SMBHs. We find that the nuclear star cluster mass relations involving host galaxy (and spheroid) luminosity and stellar and dynamical mass, intercept with but are in general shallower than the corresponding black hole scaling relations. In particular, MNC∝M 0.55±0.15_Gal, dyn_; the nuclear cluster mass is not a constant fraction of its host galaxy or spheroid mass. We conclude that nuclear stellar clusters and SMBHs do not form a single family of CMOs.
galaxies: fundamental parameters - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: star clusters: general - galaxies: structure