Astrophys. J., 763, 139 (2013/February-1)
Multi-epoch very long baseline array observations of the compact wind-collision region in the quadruple system Cyg OB2 #5.
DZIB S.A., RODRIGUEZ L.F., LOINARD L., MIODUSZEWSKI A.J., ORTIZ-LEON G.N. and ARAUDO A.T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present multi-epoch Very Long Base Array observations of the compact wind-collision region in the Cyg OB2 #5 system. These observations confirm the arc-shaped morphology of the emission reported earlier. The total flux as a function of time is roughly constant when the source is "on," but falls below the detection limit as the wind-collision region approaches periastron in its orbit around the contact binary at the center of the system. In addition, at one of the "on" epochs, the flux drops to about a fifth of its average value. We suggest that this apparent variation could result from the inhomogeneity of the wind that hides part of the flux rather than from an intrinsic variation. We measured a trigonometrical parallax, for the most compact radio emission of 0.61±0.22 mas, corresponding to a distance of 1.65 +0.96–0.44kpc, in agreement with recent trigonometrical parallaxes measured for objects in the Cygnus X complex. Using constraints on the total mass of the system and orbital parameters previously reported in the literature, we obtain two independent indirect measurements of the distance to the Cyg OB2 #5 system, both consistent with 1.3-1.4 kpc. Finally, we suggest that the companion star responsible for the wind interaction, yet undetected, is of spectral type between B0.5 and O8.
astrometry - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - stars: individual: Cyg OB2 #5 - stars: winds, outflows
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