Astrophys. J., 763, 148 (2013/February-1)
Characterizing the circumgalactic medium of nearby galaxies with HST/COS and HST/STIS absorption-line spectroscopy.
STOCKE J.T., KEENEY B.A., DANFORTH C.W., SHULL J.M., FRONING C.S., GREEN J.C., PENTON S.V. and SAVAGE B.D.
Abstract (from CDS):
The circumgalactic medium (CGM) of late-type galaxies is characterized using UV spectroscopy of 11 targeted QSO/galaxy pairs at z ≤ 0.02 with the Hubble Space Telescope Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) and ∼60 serendipitous absorber/galaxy pairs at z ≤ 0.2 with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. CGM warm cloud properties are derived, including volume filling factors of 3%-5%, cloud sizes of 0.1-30 kpc, masses of 10-108 M☉, and metallicities of ∼0.1-1 Z☉. Almost all warm CGM clouds within 0.5 Rvirare metal-bearing and many have velocities consistent with being bound, "galactic fountain" clouds. For galaxies with L ≳ 0.1 L*, the total mass in these warm CGM clouds approaches 1010 M☉, ∼10%-15% of the total baryons in massive spirals and comparable to the baryons in their parent galaxy disks. This leaves ≳ 50% of massive spiral-galaxy baryons "missing." Dwarfs (<0.1 L*) have smaller area covering factors and warm CGM masses ( ≤ 5% baryon fraction), suggesting that many of their warm clouds escape. Constant warm cloud internal pressures as a function of impact parameter (P/k ∼ 10/cm3 K) support the inference that previous COS detections of broad, shallow O VI and Lyα absorptions are of an extensive (∼400-600 kpc), hot (T ~ 106 K), intra-cloud gas which is very massive ( ≥ 1011 M☉). While the warm CGM clouds cannot account for all the "missing baryons" in spirals, the hot intra-group gas can, and could account for ∼20% of the cosmic baryon census at z ∼ 0 if this hot gas is ubiquitous among spiral groups.
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: groups: general - galaxies: halos - galaxies: spiral - intergalactic medium - quasars: absorption lines
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