Astrophys. J., 768, 128 (2013/May-2)
A CHARA array survey of circumstellar disks around nearby Be-type stars.
TOUHAMI Y., GIES D.R., SCHAEFER G.H., McALISTER H.A., RIDGWAY S.T., RICHARDSON N.D., MATSON R., GRUNDSTROM E.D., TEN BRUMMELAAR T.A., GOLDFINGER P.J., STURMANN L., STURMANN J., TURNER N.H. and FARRINGTON C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report on a high angular resolution survey of circumstellar disks around 24 northern sky Be stars. The K-band continuum survey was made using the CHARA Array long baseline interferometer (baselines of 30-331 m). The interferometric visibilities were corrected for the flux contribution of stellar companions in those cases where the Be star is a member of a known binary or multiple system. For those targets with good (u, v) coverage, we used a four-parameter Gaussian elliptical disk model to fit the visibilities and to determine the axial ratio, position angle, K-band photospheric flux contribution, and angular diameter of the disk's major axis. For the other targets with relatively limited (u, v) coverage, we constrained the axial ratio, inclination angle, and/or disk position angle where necessary in order to resolve the degeneracy between possible model solutions. We also made fits of the ultraviolet and infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) to estimate the stellar angular diameter and infrared flux excess of each target. The mean ratio of the disk diameter (measured in K-band emission) to stellar diameter (from SED modeling) is 4.4 among the 14 cases where we reliably resolved the disk emission, a value which is generally lower than the disk size ratio measured in the higher opacity Hα emission line. We estimated the equatorial rotational velocity from the projected rotational velocity and disk inclination for 12 stars, and most of these stars rotate close to or at the critical rotational velocity.
circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - instrumentation: interferometers - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: rotation - techniques: high angular resolution
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/768/128): table1.dat table3.dat>
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