2013ApJ...771...18G


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.04.04CEST11:43:08

2013ApJ...771...18G - Astrophys. J., 771, 18 (2013/July-1)

An understanding of the shoulder of giants: jovian planets around late K dwarf stars and the trend with stellar mass.

GAIDOS E., FISCHER D.A., MANN A.W. and HOWARD A.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

Analyses of exoplanet statistics suggest a trend of giant planet occurrence with host star mass, a clue to how planets like Jupiter form. One missing piece of the puzzle is the occurrence around late K dwarf stars (masses of 0.5-0.75 M and effective temperatures of 3900-4800 K). We analyzed four years of Doppler radial velocity (RVs) data for 110 late K dwarfs, one of which hosts two previously reported giant planets. We estimate that 4.0% ±2.3% of these stars have Saturn-mass or larger planets with orbital periods <245 days, depending on the planet mass distribution and RV variability of stars without giant planets. We also estimate that 0.7%±0.5% of similar stars observed by Kepler have giant planets. This Kepler rate is significantly (99% confidence) lower than that derived from our Doppler survey, but the difference vanishes if only the single Doppler system (HIP 57274) with completely resolved orbits is considered. The difference could also be explained by the exclusion of close binaries (without giant planets) from the Doppler but not Kepler surveys, the effect of long-period companions and stellar noise on the Doppler data, or an intrinsic difference between the two populations. Our estimates for late K dwarfs bridge those for solar-type stars and M dwarfs, and support a positive trend with stellar mass. Small sample size precludes statements about finer structure, e.g., a "shoulder" in the distribution of giant planets with stellar mass. Future surveys such as the Next Generation Transit Survey and the Transiting Exoplanet Satellite Survey will ameliorate this deficiency.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): astrobiology - planetary systems - planets and satellites: formation - stars: fundamental parameters - techniques: radial velocities

Status at CDS:  

Simbad objects: 135

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Number of rows : 135

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 BD+18 15 PM* 00 13 24.6380263065 +19 04 16.809407541   11.05   9.525   K6/7V 14 0
2 BD-10 47 PM* 00 19 05.5626742809 -09 57 53.469488527 12.434 11.246 9.897 9.061 8.311 M0V 37 0
3 BD-17 63b Pl 00 28 34.3058 -16 13 34.837           ~ 14 1
4 BD-17 63 PM* 00 28 34.3061125963 -16 13 34.841385377   10.77 9.720 9.666   K4Vk: 44 1
5 BD+33 99 PM* 00 43 32.8583686531 +33 50 40.417151504   9.88   8.816   K5-V 61 0
6 HD 5425 ** 00 55 49.25523 -29 40 33.4410   10.65 9.40     K4.5Vk: 35 0
7 HD 5351 PM* 00 57 04.4099171750 +69 02 36.434812807   10.13   8.5   K4V 74 0
8 BD-11 192 PM* 01 02 21.1343215744 -10 25 25.894201641 12.637 11.389 9.993 9.131 8.348 M0V 43 0
9 NAME HIP 5158b Pl 01 06 02.0494092766 -22 27 11.353493137           ~ 11 1
10 BD+63 137 PM* 01 07 08.1980398289 +63 56 28.776559541   10.28   8.2   K7V 99 0
11 HD 7279 PM* 01 12 46.1311843282 -25 14 08.084898384 12.066 10.825 9.539 8.759 8.094 K6Vk: 24 0
12 BD+79 38 PM* 01 21 30.9101384060 +80 09 06.478920823   11.04   9.318   K5V 42 0
13 BD+30 331 PM* 02 05 49.2901149787 +30 47 01.932638358   11.00   9.1   K6 17 0
14 BD-21 397 PM* 02 13 12.1646151116 -21 11 47.237835061 12.468 11.195 9.831 9.002 8.257 K7V 35 0
15 HD 13789 PM* 02 14 13.5707638088 -03 38 06.733534168 10.554 9.609 8.536 7.913 7.386 K3/4V 49 0
16 HD 14635 PM* 02 21 44.4172928941 -06 52 46.314732944   10.14 9.05 9.436   K4-V 46 0
17 BD+00 444 PM* 02 40 42.8730493225 +01 11 55.239796152 11.847 10.712 9.509 8.769 8.131 K7V 94 0
18 BD+33 529 PM* 02 52 07.1372964409 +34 23 21.666967014   10.89   8.8   K4 65 0
19 BD+11 444 PM* 03 10 15.1677033787 +12 03 01.936156128   10.61   8.5   K3 25 0
20 HD 20280 PM* 03 14 44.6243820941 -26 26 46.495342797 11.558 10.387 9.141 8.383 7.739 K5.5Vk: 54 0
21 BD+07 499 PM* 03 20 29.1951266889 +08 27 16.020294865   10.766   9.321   K4/5V 35 0
22 HD 20868b Pl 03 20 42.6938865769 -33 43 48.373945247           ~ 14 1
23 HD 232781 PM* 03 21 54.7563889271 +52 19 53.477947056 12.512     8.4   K3.5V 45 0
24 BD+15 495 PM* 03 30 53.7321848981 +16 27 56.292996585   10.45 9.35     K2 3 0
25 CD-24 1826 PM* 03 42 44.6762906881 -24 27 58.770419329   10.33 9.192     K4.5V 45 0
26 BD+11 514 PM* 03 44 51.1252497246 +11 55 12.013448543 11.482 10.289 9.079 8.355 7.757 K4/5V 48 0
27 BD-21 784 PM* 04 06 34.8414407294 -20 51 11.225911422 12.095 10.904 9.675 8.93 8.309 K7V 60 0
28 HD 284310 SB* 04 17 06.8729716054 +22 40 23.933550895   10.94 9.77 9.458   K7V 32 0
29 BD+47 977 * 04 21 35.8835991285 +48 20 13.185799793   10.80 9.62     K8 39 0
30 * 111 Tau B PM* 05 23 38.3794870566 +17 19 26.821798701 10.093 9.048 7.919 7.266 6.703 K4V 115 0
31 HD 244957 PM* 05 35 00.8540313660 +28 05 54.632550184   11.38   9.3   K5 26 0
32 BD+73 300 PM* 05 51 49.6706393970 +73 51 09.911854253       9.203   K4V 7 0
33 BD+63 639 PM* 06 13 35.2815963935 +63 23 38.906065593   10.96   8.9   ~ 31 0
34 HD 288595 PM* 06 20 13.2044450538 +02 15 32.067849405       9.0   M0 19 0
35 HD 45977 PM* 06 30 07.3034571502 -11 48 32.191361062   10.25 9.10     K4+Vk: 36 0
36 BD+52 1088 ** 06 32 16.509744 +52 24 44.48412   11.02 9.76 9.35   K4V 30 1
37 HD 48948 PM* 06 49 57.0258738609 +60 20 07.962300031   9.82   7.9   K5 75 0
38 HD 49601 PM* 06 51 32.3937550800 +47 22 04.149953902   10.21   8.2   K6V 61 0
39 BD+20 1633B PM* 06 56 03.8572095396 +20 05 00.917941509   10.85 9.98     ~ 1 0
40 HD 267636 * 06 59 54.3435790348 +08 24 28.479396078   11.06 9.68     K5 2 0
41 HAT-P-20b Pl 07 27 39.9487418539 +24 20 11.518276475           ~ 54 1
42 HD 59582 PM* 07 31 07.7116430742 +14 36 50.916452800 11.133 10.065 8.926 8.255 7.678 K5 56 0
43 HD 63454b Pl 07 39 21.8536904513 -78 16 44.307904025           ~ 27 1
44 BD+02 1766 PM* 07 45 01.1801564395 +02 08 14.587138412 12.872 11.551 10.170 9.324 8.576 K7V 40 0
45 HD 233453 PM* 07 48 39.5632813924 +53 38 54.840108487   9.98   8.2   K3.5V 30 0
46 BD-14 2308 PM* 07 58 25.5888038799 -15 01 13.649434193   10.48 9.36     M0 13 0
47 HD 68834 PM* 08 14 35.9143447137 +13 01 22.174166830 11.156 10.008 8.797 8.091 7.487 K5V 34 0
48 BD+31 1781 PM* 08 18 10.7790607132 +30 36 02.945909786   9.97   8.2   K4.5V 53 0
49 BD+14 1876 PM* 08 20 55.3292836417 +14 04 16.799389875 12.332 11.068 9.748 8.953 8.265 M0V 44 0
50 BD+22 1921 PM* 08 23 30.9118433474 +21 50 57.687390791   10.72   8.7   K4 44 0
51 BD+29 1754 PM* 08 27 11.4332737602 +28 55 53.115938154   10.79   8.9   K8 26 0
52 HD 73554 PM* 08 40 36.6334471405 +43 06 49.434252991   10.39   8.6   K4 39 0
53 BD+66 582 PM* 08 52 00.3479617797 +66 07 53.388870000   10.63 9.28     K5 54 0
54 BD+35 1890 PM* 08 53 47.2549886307 +35 13 19.813662238   10.41   8.4   K3 36 0
55 BD+21 1949 PM* 08 58 38.1796647370 +20 32 48.302414973 11.395 10.361 9.214 8.504 7.907 M0 52 0
56 BD+73 447 PM* 09 10 27.2598680124 +73 24 23.939872309   11.43   9.3   K7 28 0
57 BD+27 1739 PM* 09 18 21.5221552585 +27 18 41.638558571       8.8   K5 16 0
58 HD 80632 PM* 09 20 44.3171981498 -05 45 14.294867349 11.398 10.259 9.082 8.388 7.82 K4V 53 0
59 HD 80768 PM* 09 26 53.1293450842 +75 56 03.341520264   10.22   8.932   K7V 45 0
60 BD+81 297 PM* 09 27 56.1787302167 +80 34 48.814990686   10.53   9.079   K7V 45 0
61 BD+23 2121 PM* 09 37 11.3402437818 +22 41 38.912701317 11.962 10.694 9.406 8.628 7.96 K5 44 0
62 BD+70 578 PM* 09 48 49.8276069513 +69 45 55.616790570   17.9   9.323   M1V 22 0
63 HD 85512 PM* 09 51 07.0520306762 -43 30 10.021950881 9.963 8.83 7.651 6.934 6.319 K6Vk: 149 1
64 HD 85488 PM* 09 52 11.3630784935 +03 13 18.625044269 11.291 10.079 8.840 8.112 7.513 K5V 68 0
65 BD+32 1954 PM* 09 56 30.0579382789 +31 44 17.982051671       9.2   K5 11 0
66 BD-08 2823b Pl 10 00 47.7205 -09 31 00.044           ~ 15 1
67 WASP-43b Pl 10 19 38.0089444408 -09 48 22.603103969           ~ 183 1
68 WASP-43 PM* 10 19 38.0089444408 -09 48 22.603103969   13.4 12.4 12.08 11.10 K7V 73 1
69 BD+78 345 PM* 10 24 25.7128251642 +77 28 15.692182256       10.188   K5V 20 0
70 BD-20 3194 PM* 10 30 21.9655850321 -21 14 12.413204473   10.84 9.66     K5Vk: 20 0
71 BD+76 404 PM* 10 54 26.5098372709 +76 03 56.710093691   10.70   9.215   K6V 47 0
72 HD 96692 PM* 11 08 31.7622505530 +15 46 03.424163640   10.89   9.450   K5+V 61 0
73 HD 97214 PM* 11 11 10.7008844778 -10 57 03.190884942 11.26 10.333 9.219 8.531 7.945 K5V 69 0
74 HD 97503 PM* 11 13 13.2345720205 +04 28 56.440397582 11 9.79 9.32 8.84 7.335 K5V 80 0
75 BD+47 1863 PM* 11 22 05.7527234509 +46 54 30.181239143       9.419   K6V 22 0
76 BD+40 2442 Ro* 11 36 40.8899979185 +39 11 26.246534572   11.39   9.558   K5V 38 0
77 BD+31 2290 PM* 11 44 40.9643175151 +30 57 33.450850075   10.09   8.3   K4V 61 1
78 BD+31 2290c Pl 11 44 40.9644 +30 57 33.449           ~ 7 1
79 BD+31 2290d Pl 11 44 40.9644 +30 57 33.449           ~ 3 1
80 BD+51 1697 PM* 11 47 03.4988356693 +50 58 18.502070331   10.83 9.534 9.209   K4V 36 0
81 HD 238087 PM* 12 12 05.2240712876 +58 55 35.012209320   11.4 10.021 9.633   K5V 46 0
82 BD+22 2471 PM* 12 25 34.9836260340 +21 49 56.307582737   11.20   9.736   K4V 18 0
83 BD+32 2274 PM* 12 47 20.1156667835 +31 12 49.003211676   11.13   9.416   K7V 32 0
84 HD 111996 PM* 12 52 48.5840036376 +33 44 15.258061515   10.48   9.269   K4V 39 0
85 HD 113538c Pl 13 04 57.47691 -52 26 34.5223           ~ 6 1
86 HD 113538b Pl 13 04 57.47691 -52 26 34.5223           ~ 6 1
87 HD 113827 PM* 13 05 41.4079243751 +49 28 18.965241178   10.44   9.074   K4V 39 0
88 BD+35 2406 PM* 13 07 35.0632535055 +34 24 06.062938421   10.53 9.30     K3V 37 0
89 BD+10 2518 PM* 13 10 16.9738910290 +09 32 09.940641534   10.38   8.6   K5 15 0
90 BD+75 510 PM* 13 32 41.0155893327 +75 00 24.806499288   11.53   9.782   M0V 36 0
91 BD+05 2767 PM* 13 34 21.5021787579 +04 40 02.639327373 12.601 11.34 9.927 9.048 8.213 K5V 53 0
92 HD 118206 PM* 13 35 06.3226569963 +06 50 27.650069541   9.99 8.93     K2 14 0
93 HD 119217 PM* 13 41 55.6888951599 -00 07 44.910379473 12.343 11.03 9.75 8.942 9.257 M0V 80 0
94 G 256-11 PM* 13 53 47.1498326499 +78 51 06.812276964       10.113   M2V 38 0
95 CD-45 9206 PM* 14 29 18.5642661553 -46 27 49.735036307 13.059 11.798 10.376 9.492 8.637 K7Vk 39 1
96 CD-45 9206b Pl 14 29 18.5642661553 -46 27 49.735036307           ~ 6 1
97 CD-23 12010 PM* 15 00 19.3985056749 -24 27 14.695174593   11.15 9.937 9.843   K7V 15 0
98 BD+11 2811 PM* 15 27 38.0194950648 +10 35 39.097439521       9.496   K5V 27 0
99 HD 142288 PM* 15 54 38.4287970057 -26 00 15.049513076   10.35 9.22 8.57 8.77 K5V 25 0
100 MCC 755 PM* 15 57 49.6234001623 +59 16 15.698369144       9.895   K5V 29 0
101 G 153-25 PM* 16 07 34.3102775187 -05 42 25.968056992   11.71 10.41 10.16   K7V 12 1
102 G 180-45 PM* 16 15 54.8968128468 +35 49 16.184867082       9.350   K5V 24 0
103 HD 162598 PM* 17 52 16.6061584463 -07 33 37.467822002   11.06 9.955 9.896   K6V 24 0
104 BD+49 2743 PM* 18 10 56.2685218833 +49 58 15.959461962   11.28   9.3   K6V 21 0
105 KOI-1466 Ro* 18 59 23.9744426611 +46 08 20.165447340           ~ 23 0
106 HD 178126 PM* 19 07 02.0407950965 +07 36 57.151938394 11.243 10.297 9.215 8.559 7.996 K5V 60 0
107 KOI-1176 Ro* 19 28 16.3970049749 +38 50 32.144024479           M1V 31 0
108 KOI-868 Ro* 19 32 01.9103960943 +42 18 25.913635173           M1V 32 0
109 HD 355784 PM* 19 43 25.3357700817 +10 05 22.243718639 12.454 11.244 9.958 9.17 8.51 M0 32 0
110 KOI-1552 Ro* 19 55 42.2215602723 +43 45 01.288926981           ~ 19 0
111 BD+06 4450 PM* 20 08 24.3666516874 +06 40 43.452347447   10.99   9.2   K8 25 0
112 BD-03 4797 PM* 20 09 41.0112814351 -03 07 44.439137254   10.84 9.59     K4 22 0
113 WASP-80b Pl 20 12 40.1691752075 -02 08 39.191157456           ~ 51 1
114 WASP-80 * 20 12 40.1691752075 -02 08 39.191157456   12.810 11.939 11.510 10.279 K7V-M0V 35 1
115 Qatar 1b Pl 20 13 31.6176375816 +65 09 43.490914045           ~ 35 1
116 BD+33 3936 PM* 20 31 32.0719085502 +33 46 33.132939065   10.31 9.20     K4V 53 0
117 BD-21 5811 PM* 20 44 00.6563177668 -21 21 20.849753525   11.10 9.91 9.34 9.02 K7V 30 0
118 BD+70 1157 PM* 21 00 03.4385662544 +70 40 07.242981485   10.41   8.6   K4V 19 0
119 HD 200779 PM* 21 05 19.7460700579 +07 04 09.473066092 10.723 9.518 8.272 7.519 6.909 K6V 129 0
120 HD 203040 PM* 21 20 13.8211512974 -19 51 08.226666792 11.706 10.452 9.086 8.244 7.497 K6.5Vk 61 0
121 BD+67 1424 PM* 22 16 31.7886748518 +68 20 23.254328193   10.40   8.4   K5-V 43 0
122 G 241-8 PM* 22 26 32.6778712312 +63 52 45.029803196       8.8   K5V 22 0
123 HD 239999 PM* 22 34 50.3065412544 +58 48 08.738347870       8.6   K5V 12 0
124 BD+17 4808 PM* 22 47 13.6095187503 +18 23 04.199284941   10.07   8.993   K3.5Vk 36 0
125 BD+22 4725 PM* 22 52 02.5192202340 +23 24 47.657806155   11.06   9.423   K5V 22 0
126 HD 218294 PM* 23 07 07.0592611009 -23 09 34.025184465 12.147 10.946 9.640 8.842 8.159 K6Vk 54 0
127 WASP-10b Pl 23 15 58.3005497925 +31 27 46.294728182           ~ 86 1
128 BD+08 5036 PM* 23 17 32.3269353037 +09 41 36.715416766   10.84 9.75     K4V 30 0
129 WASP-59b Pl 23 18 29.54 +24 53 21.4           ~ 25 1
130 G 130-9 PM* 23 45 49.5010675169 +36 15 18.176630331   11.23   9.503   K4V 41 0
131 BD+34 5013 PM* 23 49 28.9502063266 +35 39 51.062100623   10.51   9.162   K4V 31 0
132 BD+29 5007 PM* 23 50 27.8618928401 +30 21 11.729095492 11.79 10.60 9.34 9.155 7.945 K5V 48 0
133 HD 224129 PM* 23 55 26.5985778532 +22 11 35.816617194       8.1   K3V 26 0
134 HD 224607 PM* 23 59 13.6997479575 -26 02 55.487154980 10.666 9.755 8.697 8.08 7.556 K4Vk: 21 0
135 HD 224660 ** 23 59 47.78721 +06 39 50.9599       8.94   K4V 16 0

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2020.04.04-11:43:08

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