Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 205, 9 (2013/March-0)
The microwave spectroscopy of methyl formate in the second torsional excited state.
KOBAYASHI K., TAKAMURA K., SAKAI Y., TSUNEKAWA S., ODASHIMA H. and OHASHI N.
Abstract (from CDS):
The cis-methyl formate molecule is a well known molecule found in interstellar space. Recently, rotational lines of methyl formate in the first CH3torsional excited state were observed in Orion KL and W51e2. It is quite natural to observe methyl formate in even higher vibrational states considering the temperature estimated in Orion KL and W51e2. Maeda et al. reported results on the laboratory spectroscopy of methyl formate including the spectral analysis in its second CH3 torsional state. Their assignments were limited to a series of a-type R-branch lines and low Kab-type R-branch transitions, and many assigned lines are excluded in the least-squares analysis. In the present study, we extended the line assignments of both the A- and E-species transitions in the second CH3 torsional state especially in the frequency region below the 120 GHz region. By combining the present assignments and those made by Maeda et al., 1951 transitions in total for the second CH3 torsional state, 1096 A-species transitions up to J = 39, and Ka= 15 and 855 E-species transitions up to J = 35 and Ka= 13, were least-squares analyzed by using the pseudo-principal-axis-method Hamiltonian with 42 parameters consisting of rotational, centrifugal distortion, and internal rotational constants in the second CH3 torsional state. In addition, 1012 transitions out of 1096 A-species transitions could also be least-squares analyzed by using Watson's A-reduced Hamiltonian with 43 parameters, which can serve to calculate the energy levels of the A-species lines of molecules with the CH3 internal rotation conveniently.
catalogs - molecular data - submillimeter: ISM - techniques: spectroscopic
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJS/205/9): table1.dat table3.dat>
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