Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 428, 2857-2873 (2013/February-1)
A search for radio pulsars and fast transients in M31 using the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope.
RUBIO-HERRERA E., STAPPERS B.W., HESSELS J.W.T. and BRAUN R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of the most sensitive and comprehensive survey yet undertaken for radio pulsars and fast transients in the Andromeda galaxy (M31) and its satellites, using the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) at a central frequency of 328MHz. We used the WSRT in a special configuration called 8gr8 (eight-grate) mode, which provides a large instantaneous field of view, about 5 deg2 pointing-1, with good sensitivity, long dwell times (up to 8 h pointing-1) and good spatial resolution (a few arcminutes) for locating sources. We have searched for both periodicities and single pulses in our data, aiming to detect bright, persistent radio pulsars and rotating radio transients (RRATs) of either Galactic or extragalactic origin. Our searches did not reveal any confirmed periodic signals or bright single bursts from (potentially) cosmological distances. However, we do report the detection of several single-pulse events, some repeating at the same dispersion measure, which could potentially originate from neutron stars in M31. One in particular was seen multiple times, including a burst of six pulses in 2000 s, at a dispersion measure of 54.7pccm-3, which potentially places the origin of this source outside our Galaxy. Our results are compared to a range of hypothetical populations of pulsars and RRATs in M31 and allow us to constrain the luminosity function of pulsars in M31. They also show that, unless the pulsar population in M31 is much dimmer than in our Galaxy, there is no need to invoke any violation of the inverse square law of the distance for pulsar fluxes.
© 2012 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2012)
stars: neutron - pulsars: general - galaxies: individual: M31 - galaxies: stellar content
Table 3: [RSH2013b] M31-BCN (Nos BC1-BC4).
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