Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 430, 134-156 (2013/March-3)
Distant galaxy clusters in the XMM Large Scale Structure survey.
WILLIS J.P., CLERC N., BREMER M.N., PIERRE M., ADAMI C., ILBERT O., MAUGHAN B., MAUROGORDATO S., PACAUD F., VALTCHANOV I., CHIAPPETTI L., THANJAVUR K., GWYN S., STANWAY E.R. and WINKWORTH C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Distant galaxy clusters provide important tests of the growth of large-scale structure in addition to highlighting the process of galaxy evolution in a consistently defined environment at large look-back time. We present a sample of 22 distant (z > 0.8) galaxy clusters and cluster candidates selected from the 9 deg2 footprint of the overlapping X-ray Multi Mirror (XMM) Large Scale Structure (LSS), CFHTLS-Wide and Spitzer-SWIRE surveys. Clusters are selected as extended X-ray sources with an accompanying overdensity of galaxies displaying optical to mid-infrared photometry consistent with z > 0.8. Nine clusters have confirmed spectroscopic redshifts in the interval 0.8 < z < 1.2, four of which are presented here for the first time. A further 11 candidate clusters have between 8 and 10 band photometric redshifts in the interval 0.8 < z < 2.2, while the remaining two candidates do not have information in sufficient wavebands to generate a reliable photometric redshift. All of the candidate clusters reported in this paper are presented for the first time. Those confirmed and candidate clusters with available near-infrared photometry display evidence for a red sequence galaxy population, determined either individually or via a stacking analysis, whose colour is consistent with the expectation of an old, coeval stellar population observed at the cluster redshift. We further note that the sample displays a large range of red fraction values indicating that the clusters may be at different stages of red sequence assembly. We compare the observed X-ray emission to the flux expected from a suite of model clusters and find that the sample displays an effective mass limit M200 ∼ 1x1014M☉ with all clusters displaying masses consistent with M200 < 5x1014M☉. This XMM distant cluster study represents a complete sample of X-ray-selected z > 0.8 clusters. We discuss the importance of this sample to investigate the abundance of high-redshift clusters and to provide a relatively unbiased view of distant cluster galaxy populations.
© 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: high-redshift
Table 3: [WCB2013] DDD.dddd+DD.dddd N=39.
In Table 1, XLSSC 066, 067 and 068 are misprints for XLSSC 071, 072 and 073 respectively (as confirmed by the authors).
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