Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 433, 759-770 (2013/July-3)
Peaks of optical and X-ray afterglow light curves.
PANAITESCU A., VESTRAND W.T. and WOZNIAK P.
Abstract (from CDS):
The peaks of 30 optical afterglows and 14 X-ray light curves display a good anticorrelation of the peak flux with the peak epoch: Fp∝ tp-2.0 in the optical and Fp ∝ tp-1.6 in the X-ray, the distributions of the peak epochs being consistent with each other. We investigate the ability of two forward-shock models for afterglow light-curve peaks - an observer location outside the initial jet aperture and the onset of the forward-shock deceleration - to account for those peak correlations. For both models, the slope of the Fp-tp relation depends only on the slope of the afterglow spectrum. We find that only a conical jet seen off-aperture and interacting with a wind-like medium can account both for the X-ray peak relation, given the average X-ray spectral slope βX = 1.0, and for the larger slope of the optical peak relation. However, any conclusion about the origin of the peak flux-peak epoch correlation is, at best, tentative, because the current sample of X-ray peaks is too small to allow a reliable measurement of the Fp-tp relation slope and because more than one mechanism and/or one afterglow parameter may be driving that correlation.