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2013MNRAS.433.3440M - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 433, 3440-3452 (2013/August-3)

X-ray photodesorption and proton destruction in protoplanetary discs: pyrimidine.


Abstract (from CDS):

The organic compounds HCN and C2H2, present in protoplanetary discs, may react to form precursor molecules of the nucleobases, such as the pyrimidine molecule, C4H4N2. Depending on the temperature in a given region of the disc, molecules are in the gas phase or condensed on to grain surfaces. The action of X-ray photons and MeV protons, emitted by the young central star, may lead to several physical and chemical processes in such pre-stellar environments.

In this work we have experimentally investigated the ionization, dissociation and desorption processes of pyrimidine in the condensed and the gas phase stimulated by soft X-rays and protons, respectively. Pyrimidine was frozen at temperatures below 130K and irradiated with X-rays at energies from 394 to 427eV. In the gas phase experiment, a pyrimidine effusive jet at room temperature was bombarded with protons of 2.5MeV. In both experiments, the time-of-flight mass-spectrometry technique was employed. Partial photodesorption ion yields as a function of the X-ray photon energy for ions such as C3H2+, HC3NH+ and C4H+ were determined.

The experimental results were applied to conditions of the protoplanetary disc of TW Hydra star. Assuming three density profiles of molecular hydrogen, 1x106, 1x107 and 1x108cm-3, we determined HC3NH+ ion-production rates of the order of 10-31 up to 10-8 ionscm-3 s-1. Integrating over 1x106yr, HC3NH+ column density values, ranging from 3.47 x 109 to 1.29x1013cm-2, were obtained as a function of the distance from central star. The optical depth is the main variable that affects ions production. In addition, computational simulations were used to determine the kinetic energies of ions desorbed from pyrimidine ice distributed between ∼ 7 and 15eV.

Abstract Copyright: © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)

Journal keyword(s): astrochemistry - molecular processes - methods: laboratory - protoplanetary discs

CDS comments: W52 is a misprint for W51.

Simbad objects: 11

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